Amazon acaba de compartir algunos datos sorprendentes de Covid-19. Esto es lo que más destaca

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Amazon publicó algunos datos muy esperados esta semana: la cantidad de empleados de Amazon que dieron positivo por Covid-19 o que se sospecha que están infectados.

La noticia de Amazon se ha visto ensombrecida por la noticia de que el presidente Trump y la Primera Dama, por supuesto, dieron positivo, pero hay un impacto sorprendente en las tasas de infección de Amazon, comenzando con la conclusión de Amazon de que sus empleados están menos infectados que el general. Publicidad.

Según Amazon, 1.372 millones de personas están en primera línea, principalmente en los almacenes de Amazon y en los supermercados Whole Foods. De ellos, la compañía dijo en un comunicado que ha visto un total de 19,816 empleados con diagnósticos positivos confirmados o sospechados.

Esto corresponde a una tasa de infección del 1,44 por ciento. Y Amazon dice que la cifra es 42 por ciento más baja de lo esperado en comparación con el nivel de infección en la población general, «lo que tiene en cuenta la composición geográfica y por edad de nuestros empleados».

¿Está comprobando? Bueno, lo tengo contra la pestaña en ejecución de diagnósticos acumulativos que el New York Times sostiene, y eso muestra 7.3 millones de casos al viernes.

Como parte de la población de EE. UU., Que era de aproximadamente 331 millones a principios de este año, eso daría como resultado una tasa de infección del 2,20 por ciento. De hecho, la tasa de infección de Amazon sería significativamente menor, aunque nuevamente debemos considerar la edad y la ubicación de los empleados de Amazon.

Con algunas excepciones, Amazon también ha desglosado las tasas de informes de un estado a otro, lo que refleja en gran medida la tendencia. En 39 estados, la compañía afirmó que los datos mostraban que las tasas de infección de los empleados eran más bajas de lo esperado en comparación con el resto del estado.

El mayor valor atípico fue Minnesota, donde los empleados de Amazon tenían una tasa de infección del 3,17 por ciento, en comparación con el 1,58 por ciento en el estado. Casualmente, a principios de este año se descubrió una alta tasa de infección en un almacén de Amazon en Minnesota.

Según los datos que publicó Amazon esta semana, esto parece haber sido una excepción a la regla.

Los empleados de Amazon en Virginia Occidental también tenían una tasa de infección más alta: una tasa de infección del 1,31 por ciento en comparación con una tasa de casos estatal del 0,77 por ciento. Además, nueve estados tienen menos de 1.000 empleados de Amazon, «que son demasiado pequeños para un análisis significativo», dijo la compañía.

Esta es la primera vez que Amazon publica tales datos. Por lo que puedo decir, pocas otras grandes empresas parecen haber hecho algo similar, y creo que Amazon tiene una base sólida aquí para pedir a sus pares y competidores que sigan su ejemplo.

«Esperamos que otras grandes empresas también publiquen sus hallazgos detallados y tasas de casos, ya que eso nos ayudará a todos», dijo la compañía en un comunicado. «Este no es un campo en el que las empresas puedan competir, es un campo para que las empresas se ayuden entre sí».

Si bien no tenemos nada con lo que comparar a Amazon, vale la pena echar un vistazo a las acciones que ha tomado Amazon. Algunos de estos pueden ser más difíciles de replicar en una empresa más pequeña. otros son más fáciles.

Por supuesto, es imposible saber cuál de las medidas ayudó más, pero incluyeron:

  • Entrega de mascarillas a los empleados (aparentemente más de 100 millones);
  • Realización de pruebas de temperatura en ubicaciones de todo el mundo;
  • «Hacemos un llamado para mejorar las prácticas de limpieza en todas nuestras ubicaciones», hasta el punto de que «las manijas de las puertas, pasamanos, casilleros, botones de ascensores y pantallas táctiles» deben limpiarse cada 90 minutos.
  • «Introducción de medidas integrales de distanciamiento social»;
  • Informar a los empleados sobre «cada caso nuevo en su edificio»; y
  • Enviar a algunos empleados con licencia pagada cuando simplemente estuvieron expuestos a otros empleados que dieron positivo (dicen que el número ha disminuido con el tiempo).

Si tiene una empresa más pequeña, creo que la mejor comida para llevar es la que recomiendo a menudo, y por qué me importa mucho lo que hacen las grandes empresas públicas. El punto es que Amazon puede investigar y estudiar cosas a una escala más amplia de la que tú podrías, simplemente por su tamaño y tamaño.

Por ejemplo, Amazon dijo que «contrató a varios de los médicos líderes en epidemiología y respuesta a brotes del mundo para trabajar con nuestro equipo de seguridad global de 5,000 personas» para desarrollar su plan. Es posible que no tenga los recursos para realizar un esfuerzo tan grande.

Si bien un ojo escéptico puede ser apropiado, aún puede mendigar, pedir prestado y robar la experiencia de una empresa más grande que puede hacerlo.

Las opiniones expresadas aquí por los columnistas de Inc.com son las suyas propias, no las de Inc.com.

Amazon says it has 1.372 million front line employees, mainly those working in Amazon warehouses and at Whole Foods supermarkets. Of them, the company said in a statement that it's seen a total of 19,816 employees with either confirmed or suspected positive diagnoses.

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That works out to about a 1.44 percent infection rate. And Amazon says that number is 42 percent lower than might be expected, compared to the level of infection in the general population, "accounting for geography and the age composition of our employees."

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Does it check out? Well, I bookmarked it against the running tab of cumulative diagnoses that the New York Times keeps, and that shows 7.3 million cases as of Friday.

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As a portion of the U.S. population, which was roughly 331 million as of earlier this year, it would work out to a 2.20 percent infection rate. Amazon's infection rate would in fact be considerably lower, although again we have to consider the age and location of Amazon workers.

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Amazon also broke out state-by-state reporting rates, which basically reflected the trend, with a couple of exceptions. In 39 states, the company claimed the data showed its employee infection rate was lower than what would have been expected compared to the rest of the state.

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The biggest outlier was Minnesota, where Amazon employees had a 3.17 percent infection rate, compared to 1.58 percent for the state. As it happens, an Amazon warehouse in Minnesota was identified earlier this year as having had a high rate of infections.

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According to the data Amazon released this week, therefore, it would seem that might have been an exception to the rule.

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Amazon employees in West Virginia also had a higher infection rate: 1.31 percent infection rate compared to a 0.77 percent state case rate. Also, nine states have fewer than 1,000 Amazon employees, the company said, "which is too small of a population for meaningful analysis."

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This is the first time Amazon has released data like this. Few other big companies seem to have done something similar, as far as I can find, and I think Amazon is on solid footing here to ask its corporate peers and rivals to follow suit.

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"We hope other large companies will also release their detailed learnings and case rates because doing so will help all of us," the company said in a statement. "This is not an arena where companies should compete--this is an arena where companies should help one another."

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Nevertheless, while we don't have anything to compare Amazon to, it's still worth looking at the measures Amazon said it's taken. Some of these are things that might be harder to replicate in a smaller business; others are easier.

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Of course, it's impossible to know which of the measures helped the most, but they included:

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  • distributing face masks to employees (over 100 million, apparently);
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  • implementing temperature checks at sites around the world; 
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  • "mandating enhanced cleaning procedures at all of our sites," to the point that "door handles, stairway handrails, lockers, elevator buttons, and touch screens," are supposed to be cleaned every 90 minutes;
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  • "introducing extensive social distancing measures;"
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  • telling employees about "every new case in their building;" and
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  • putting some employees on paid leave if they'd simply been exposed to other employees who tested positive (they say this number has declined over time).

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If you're running a smaller business, I think the biggest takeaway is one that I often advise -- and the reason I pay a lot of attention to what big, public companies do. It's that Amazon is in a position to research and study things to a greater extent than you might be able to, simply because of its scale and size.

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For example, Amazon says it "enlisted several of the world's leading epidemiology and outbreak-response doctors to work with our 5,000-member global safety team" to come up with its plan. Chances are you don't have the resources to mount an effort that large.

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But, while a skeptical eye might be warranted, you can still beg, borrow, and steal from the experiences of a bigger company that can.

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